Video Tape by Date

Magnetic tape formats for use in video tape recorders (VTRs) and video cassette recorders (VCRs), including analogue and digital video for consumer and broadcast use.

Dates are approximate and refer to availability in the UK or Europe where known, otherwise for US or elsewhere.

1960s

Ampex 2-inch helical scan video tape (1961 – 1970)

Sony EV 1-inch open reel video tape (1964 – early 1970s)

Akai ¼-inch open reel video tape (1969 – late 1970s)

EIAJ-1 ½-inch open reel video tape (1969 – early 1980s)

1970s

Cartrivision (1972 – 1973)

EIAJ-2 (1972 – late 1970s)

V-Cord (1972 – late 1970s)

Video Cassette Recording (VCR) (1972 – 1979)

U-matic (1973 – 1990s)

U-matic S (1974 – 1990s)

VX (1975 – 1977)

1-inch Type B (1975 – 1980s)

1-inch Type C (1976 – mid 1990s)

VHS (Video Home System) (1977 – late 2000s)

Betamax (1978 – 1988)

Super Video Recording (SVR) (1979)

Video 2000 / Video Compact Cassette (1979 – 1988)

1980s

Compact Video Cassette (CVC) (1980 – 1983)

Betacam (1982 – 1990s)

Compact VHS (VHS-C) (1982 – late 2000s)

Video single (1983 – 1990s)

SuperBeta (1985 – 1988)

Video8 (1985 – 2000s)

U-matic SP (1986 – late 1990s)

Betacam SP (1986 – 2001)

MII (1986 – early 1990s)

D1 (1987 – 1990s)

S-VHS (1987 – early 2000s)

S-VHS-C (1987 – early 2000s)

Extended Definition Beta (1988 – early 1990s)

D2 (1988 – 2000s)

Hi8 (1989 – 2007)

1990s

Digital Betacam (1993 – 2016)

D5 /D5 HD (1994 – late 2000s)

Digital-S / D-9 (1995 – early 2000s)

MiniDV (1995 – late 2000s)

DVCPRO (1995 – early 2010s)

Betacam SX (1996 – 2007)

DVCAM (1996 – )

HDCAM (D-11) (1997 – 2016)

Sony Ruvi (1998 – 1999)

D-VHS (1998 – 2007)

Digital 8 (1999 – 2007)

2000s

MicroMV (2001 – 2006)

MPEG IMX (D-10) (2001 – 2016)

D-Theater (2002 – 2004)

HDV (2003 – 2011)

HDCAM SR (D-16) (2003 – 2016)