Video Formats

Video 2000 (front with packaging)Video recording and playback formats, including tapes and discs both analogue and digital. Some current, most long obsolete.

Dates are approximate and refer to availability in the UK or Europe where known, or elsewhere.

Ampex 2-inch helical scan video tape (1961 – 1970)

Sony EV 1-inch open reel video tape (1964 – early 1970s)

½-inch EIAJ open reel video tape (1970 – 1982)

Cartrivision (1972 – 1973)

V-Cord (1972 – late 1970s)

Video Cassette Recording (VCR) (1972 – 1979)

U-matic (1973 – 1990s)

U-matic S (1974 – 1990s)

VX (1975 – 1977)

Television Electronic Disc (TeD) (1975 – 1978)

1-inch Type B (1975 – 1980s)

1-inch Type C (1976 – mid 1990s)

VHS (Video Home System) (1977 – late 2000s)

Betamax (1978 – 1988)

Super Video Recording (SVR) (1979)

Video 2000 / Video Compact Cassette (1979 – 1988)

Compact Video Cassette (CVC) (1980 – 1983)

Capacitance Electronic Disk (CED) / SelectaVision (1981 – 1986)

Betacam (1982 – 1990s)

Compact VHS (VHS-C) (1982 – late 2000s)

Video High Density (VHD) (1983 – 1986)

Video single (1983 – 1990s)

LaserDisc (1983 – 2001)

LaserDisc EP (1983 – 2001)

Video8 (1985 – 2000s)

Compact LaserDisc (1986)

Betacam SP (1986 – 2001)

MII (1986 – early 1990s)

D1 (1987 – 1990s)

CD-Video (1987 – 1992)

S-VHS (1987 – early 2000s)

D2 (1988 – 2000s)

Hi8 (1989 – 2007)

Video Single Disc (1990 – 1991)

Laser Juke (1990 – 2002)

CD-i Digital Video (1993 – 1994)

Digital Betacam (1993 – 2016)

Video CD (1993 – 2000s)

D5 /D5 HD (1994 – late 2000s)

MiniDV (1995 – late 2000s)

Betacam SX (1996 – 2007)

DVCAM (1996 – )

HDCAM (1997 – 2016)

MiniDVD-R (1997 – )

DVD-Video (1998 – )

DVD-10 / double-sided DVD (1998 – )

DIVX (Digital Video Express) (1998 – 1999)

Sony Ruvi (1998 – 1999)

D-VHS (1998 – 2007)

Digital 8 (1999 – 2007)

MicroMV (2001 – 2006)

Superbit (2001 – 2007)

MPEG IMX (2001 – 2016)

D-Theater (2002 – 2004)

Personal Video Disc (PVD) (2003 – 2006)

Flexplay (2003 – 2009)

HDV (2003 – 2011)

HDCAM SR (2003 – 2016)

Professional Disc (2003 – )

Universal Media Disk (2004 – 2011)

DualDisc (2005 – 2009)

HD DVD (2006 – 2008)

Blu-ray Disc (2006 – )

Blu-ray Disc Recordable (BD-R) (2006 – )

Blu-ray Recordable Erasable (BD-RE) (2006 – )