CD Video (CDV) was a format introduced in 1987 by Philips that combined the technologies of the Compact Disc and LaserDisc. Three sizes of CD Video disc were available, the smallest CD Video disc being the same size as a Compact Disc and having audio content that could be played on any Compact Disc player as well as some video content that required a compatible LaserDisc player.
The 8-inch size disc contained only video content and was used for music video compilations, with a total capacity of up to 45 minutes if both sides were used. The difference between the new CD Video 8-inch disc and the existing LaserDisc 8-inch disc is simply that CD Video had digital audio, but this was more a marketing exercise since digital audio had already been introduced by Pioneer on LaserDiscs in 1985, and Pioneer had produced a series of Compact LaserDiscs in 1986 that had digital audio and music videos.
To distinguish the new CD Video discs from Compact Discs and other LaserDiscs, they were coloured gold.
The new CD Video discs could only be played on the latest LaserDisc players, such as the Pioneer CLD-1010 from 1987, so owners of older LaserDisc players could not play them. Philips launched a player capable of playing all sizes of CD Video disc in 1988 in Europe, and also launched a smaller machine capable of playing just the 12cm CD Video discs and audio Compact Discs.
CD Video was not a success and although the LaserDisc format carried on until 2001 mainly promoted by Pioneer, the CD Video name was dropped after a couple of years.