Punched Media and Other

Jacquard loom cards (front)Punched card and tape formats from Jacquard loom cards onwards, as well as some other formats that don’t fit into other categories.

Dates are approximate and refer to availability in the UK or Europe where known, otherwise for US or elsewhere.

1800s

Jacquard Loom card (1801 – 1990s)

1840s

Punched tape (1846 – 1980s)

1880s

Piano roll (1883 – 2008)

1890s

Punched card (1890 – 1980s)

1940s

Aperture card (1943 – 2000s)

1960s

Magnetic stripe card (1964 – )

1980s

Optical phonecard (1981 – 1996)