Data Formats

3.5-inch double-sided discs (with Apple Macintosh)From Jacquard Loom cards to PlayStation Vita memory cards, the history of data storage on removable media. Comprising disks/discs, tape, solid-state media, ROM cartridges, and punched media.

Dates are approximate and refer to availability in the UK or Europe where known, otherwise for US or elsewhere.

Jacquard Loom card (1801 – 1990s)

Punched tape (1846 – 1980s)

Punched card (1890 – 1980s)

Aperture card (1943 – 2000s)

LEO tape  (1958 – 1981)

DECtape (1964 – 1980s)

9-track tape (1964 – 2003)

Magnetic stripe card (1964 – )

8-inch floppy disk (1971 – early 1980s)

Magnavox Odyssey (1972 – 1975)

QIC Data Cartridge (1972 – 2000s)

Control Data Corporation 9877 (1974 – 1990s)

DC100 (1975 – early 1980s)

Compact Cassette (1975- late 1980s)

Fairchild Channel F / Channel F System II (1976 – 1984)

Digital Equipment Corporation RK07 (1976 – 1990s)

5.25-inch minifloppy disk (1976 – early 1990s)

Olivetti minidisc (1977 – early 1980s)

Floppy ROM (1977 – mid 1980s)

QIC Minicartridge (late 1970s – mid 1990s)

Coleco Telstar Arcade (1977 – 1978)

RCA Studio II (1977 – 1979)

Atari VCS / 2600 (1977 – 1992)

DECtape II (1978 – early 1980s)

Voltmace / Videomaster Database Games-Computer (1978 – early 1980s)

Interton VC 4000 (1978 – 1983)

Bally Astrocade (1978 – 1983)

Philips Videopac / Magnavox Odyssey² (1978 – 1984)

Exatron String Floppy (1978 – 1986)

Rowtron / Teleng T.C.S (1979 – early 1980s)

Acetronic MPU-1000 (1979 – early 1980s)

Milton Bradley Microvision (1979 – 1981)

Texas Instruments TI-99/4 / TI-99/4A (1979 – 1983)

Mattel IntelliVision / IntelliVision II (1979 – 1990)

Atari 400 / 800 / XL / XE (1979 – 1992)

Tandy TRS-80 Color Computer (1980 – 1991)

Epoch Cassette Vision (1981 – 1984)

Commodore VIC-20 (1981 – 1985)

Optical phonecard (1981 – 1996)

Dragon 32 (1982 – 1984)

Emerson Arcadia 2001 (1982 – 1984)

ColecoVision (1982 – 1984)

Atari 5200 SuperSystem (1982 – 1984)

Iomega Bernoulli disk 8-inch (1982 – 1987)

3-inch Compact Floppy disk (1982 – early 1990s)

3.5-inch microfloppy disk (DS /DD) (1982 – 1990s)

Commodore 64 (1982 – 1994)

Sinclair ZX Spectrum (1983)

Apple FileWare / Twiggy disk (1983 – 1984)

GCE / Milton Bradley Vectrex (1983 – 1984)

Mattel Aquarius (1983 – mid-1980s)

Coleco Adam High Speed Digital Data Pack (1983 – 1985)

Acorn Electron (1983 – 1985)

Sega SG-1000 / SC-3000 (1983 – 1985)

ZX Microdrive (1983 – 1987)

Casio ROM Pack (1983 – early 1990s)

MSX (1983 – 1995)

Nintendo Famicom (1983 – 2003)

3.5-inch hard disk drive (1983 – )

IBM PCjr (1984 – 1985)

Commodore 16 / Plus/4 (1984 – late 1980s)

Epoch Super Cassette Vision (1984 – late 1980s)

Wafadrive (1984 – late 1980s)

Psion Organiser Datapak (1984 – 1992)

IBM 3480 (1984 – 2004)

Digital Linear Tape (DLT) (1984 – )

Sega My Card (1985 – 1987)

Sega Master System (1985 – 1996)

5.25-inch magneto-optical disk (1985 – 2000s)

CD-ROM (1985 – )

LV-ROM (1986 – late 1980s)

2-inch floppy disk (Video Floppy) (1986 – 1990s)

2.8-inch DataDisk (1986 – early 199os)

Nintendo Famicom Disk System (1986 – early 1990s)

Nintendo Entertainment System (1986 -1995)

Sega Card (1987 – 1989)

Atari 7800 ProSystem (1987 – 1992)

NEC TurboGrafx-16 / PC Engine ‘HuCard’ (1987 – 1993)

Iomega Bernoulli disk 5.25-inch (1987 – 1994)

8mm / Data8 (1987 – late 1990s)

3.5-inch microfloppy disk (High Density) (1987 – late 2000s)

Streamer cassette (late 1980s – late 1990s)

SyQuest 5.25-inch (44/88/200MB) (1988 – 1998)

2.5-inch hard disk drive (1988 – )

Atari Lynx (1989 – mid 1990s)

Digital Data Storage (DDS) (1989 – 2007)

SD1 (1990s – 2000s)

Amstrad GX4000 (1990 – 1991)

Sega Mega Drive (1990 – 1998)

Nintendo Game Boy (1990 – 2003)

SNK Neo Geo AES (1990 – 2004)

SNK Neo Geo MVS (1990 – 2004)

PCMCIA / PC Card (1990 – mid 2000s)

Compact Disc-Recordable (CD-R) (1990 – )

Floptical (1991 – 1993)

3.5-inch microfloppy (Extended Density) (1991 – mid 1990s)

Sega Game Gear (1991 – 1997)

CD-i (Compact Disc Interactive) (1991 – 1998)

CD-i Ready (1991 – 1998)

Psion Series 3 Solid State Disk (1991 – 1999)

Super Nintendo Entertainment System (North American version) (1991 – 1999)

Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) full-size (1991 – 2000s)

3.5-inch magneto-optical disk (1991 – 2000s)

Ditto (1992 – 1999)

Super Nintendo Entertainment System (1992 – 1999)

Photo CD (1992 – 2004)

LD-ROM (1993 – 1996)

Atari Jaguar (1993 – 1996)

SyQuest 3.5-inch (105/270MB) (1993 – 1998)

Sega 32X (1994 – 1995)

MD Data (1994 – early 2000s)

Mammoth / Mammoth-2 (1994 – 2001)

Digital Tape Format (DTF) (1994 – 2004)

QIC-Wide (1994 – 2000s)

CompactFlash (Type I) (1994 – )

Nintendo Virtual Boy (1995 – 1996)

SyQuest EZ135 (1995 – 1996)

Casio Loopy (1995 – 1997)

Phase-change Dual (PD) disk (1995 – 1998)

Nomai MCD 540 (1995 – 1999)

Miniature Card (1995 – late 1990s)

SmartMedia (1995 – early 2000s)

Iomega Zip (1995 – 2003)

IBM Magstar 3590 (1995 – )

Travan (1995 – 2002)

Sony PlayStation Memory Card (1995 – 2006)

SyQuest EzFlyer (1996 – 1998)

Syquest SyJet (1996 – 1998)

IBM Magstar MP 3570 (1996 – 2002)

Iomega Jaz (1996 – 2002)

QIC-EXtra (QIC EX) (1996 – 2000s)

Advanced Intelligent Tape (AIT) (1996 – 2010)

Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) mini-size (1996 – )

SyQuest SparQ (1997 – 1998)

Nintendo 64 (1997 – 2003)

Nintendo 64 Controller Pak (1997 – 2003)

SuperDisk (1997 – early 2000s)

Compact Disc-ReWritable (CD-RW) (1997 – )

Mini CD-R / CD-RW (1990s – )

MultiMediaCard (1997 – 2005)

DVD-ROM (1997 – )

DVD-R (1997 – )

MiniDVD-R (1997 – )

SNK Neo Geo Pocket / Pocket Colour (1998 – 2001)

Caleb UHD144 / it drive (1998 – 2002)

Nintendo Game Boy dual-mode cartridge (1998 – 2003)

Nintendo Game Boy Color (1998 – 2003)

Castlewood Orb (1998 – 2004)

HiFD (High capacity Floppy Disk) (1998 – early 2000s)

StorageTek 9840 (1998 – 2009)

DVD-RAM (1998 – )

Business card CD-ROM (1998 – )

Memory Stick (1998 – mid 2000s)

Nintendo 64DD (Dynamic Drive) (1999 – 2000)

Sega Visual Memory Unit (VMU) (1999 – 2001)

Handspring Springboard expansion module (1999 – 2002)

Advanced Digital Recording (ADR) (1999 – 2003)

Bandai WonderSwan (1999 – 2003)

Iomega Clik! / PocketZip (1999 – early 2000s)

Microdrive (1999 – early 2010s)

VXA (1999 – late 2000s)

Secure Digital (SD) (1999 – )

GD-ROM (1999 – )

DVD-RW (1999 – )

Sony Memory Stick / Floppy Disk Adaptor (2000 – 2001)

Sony PlayStation 2 Memory Card (2000 – 2013)

Linear Tape-Open (LTO) (2000 – )

USB flash drive (2000 – )

Iomega Zip 250 (2001 – 2003)

Iomega Zip U250 (2001 – 2003)

Nintendo Game Boy Advance (2001 – 2007)

DVD+RW (2001 – )

Super DLT (2001 – )

Pokémon mini (2002)

Iomega Zip 750 (2002 – 2003)

DataPlay (2002 – mid 2000s)

Nintendo GameCube memory card (2002 – 2007)

Nintendo GameCube (2002 – 2007)

xD-Picture Card (2002 – 2010)

DVD+R (2002 – )

Memory Stick Duo (2002 – )

Nokia N-Gage card (2003 – 2006)

miniSD (2003 – 2008)

Super Advanced Intelligent Tape (SAIT) (2003 – 2010)

Tapwave Zodiac (2004 – 2005)

RS-MMC (Reduced Size MultiMedia Card) / MMCmobile (2004 – 2006)

Sony Professional Disc for DATA (2004 – 2007)

Iomega Rev (2004 – 2010)

Hi-MD (2004 – 2011)

LightScribe (2004 – 2013)

UMD (Universal Media Disc) (2004 – 2014)

Gizmondo card (2005 – 2006)

Xbox 360 Memory Unit (2005 – 2010)

microSD (2005 – )

Nintendo DS / DS Lite / DSi (2005 – 2014)

Memory Stick Micro (M2) (2006 – 2009)

Nintendo Wii Optical Disc (2006 – 2013)

Secure Digital High Capacity (SDHC) (2006 – )

StorageTek T10000 / T10000 T2 (2006 – )

Quantum GoVault (2006 – )

Blu-ray Disc Recordable (BD-R) (2006 – )

Blu-ray Recordable Erasable (BD-RE) (2006 – )

HD-DVD-R (2007 – 2008)

DAT 160 / 320 (2007 – )

CD-ROM postage stamps (2008 – 2009)

Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) micro-size (2010 – )

Nintendo 3DS (2011 – )

Nintendo Wii U Optical Disc (2012 – 2017)

Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) nano-size (2012 – )

Sony PlayStation Vita memory card (2012 – )