Data Formats

3.5-inch double-sided discs (with Apple Macintosh)From Jacquard Loom cards to PlayStation Vita memory cards, the history of data storage on removable media. Comprising disks/discs, tape, solid-state media, ROM cartridges, and punched media.

Dates are approximate and refer to availability in the UK or Europe where known, otherwise for US or elsewhere.

1800s

Jacquard Loom card (1801 – 1990s)

1840s

Punched tape (1846 – 1980s)

1890s

Punched card (1890 – 1980s)

1940s

Aperture card (1943 – 2000s)

Open reel instrumentation and data logging tape (1949 – 2000s)

1950s

LEO tape  (1958 – 1981)

1960s

DECtape (1964 – 1980s)

9-track tape (1964 – 2003)

Magnetic stripe card (1964 – )

1970s

8-inch floppy disk (1971 – early 1980s)

Magnavox Odyssey (1972 – 1975)

QIC Data Cartridge (1972 – 2000s)

Control Data Corporation 9877 (1974 – 1990s)

DC100 (1975 – early 1980s)

Compact Cassette (1975- late 1980s)

Fairchild Channel F / Channel F System II (1976 – 1984)

Digital Equipment Corporation RK07 (1976 – 1990s)

5.25-inch minifloppy disk (1976 – early 1990s)

5.25-inch ‘flippy’ disk (1976 – mid 1980s)

Olivetti minidisc (1977 – early 1980s)

Floppy ROM (1977 – mid 1980s)

QIC Minicartridge (late 1970s – mid 1990s)

Coleco Telstar Arcade (1977 – 1978)

RCA Studio II (1977 – 1979)

Atari VCS / 2600 (1977 – 1992)

DECtape II (1978 – early 1980s)

Voltmace / Videomaster Database Games-Computer (1978 – early 1980s)

Interton VC 4000 (1978 – 1983)

Bally Astrocade (1978 – 1983)

Philips Videopac / Magnavox Odyssey² (1978 – 1984)

Exatron String Floppy (1978 – 1986)

Rowtron / Teleng T.C.S (1979 – early 1980s)

Acetronic MPU-1000 (1979 – early 1980s)

Milton Bradley Microvision (1979 – 1981)

Texas Instruments TI-99/4 / TI-99/4A (1979 – 1983)

8-inch hard disk drive (1979 – late 1980s)

Mattel IntelliVision / IntelliVision II (1979 – 1990)

Atari 400 / 800 / XL / XE (1979 – 1992)

1980s

Tandy TRS-80 Color Computer (1980 – 1991)

Epoch Cassette Vision (1981 – 1984)

Commodore VIC-20 (1981 – 1985)

Optical phonecard (1981 – 1996)

Dragon 32 (1982 – 1984)

Emerson Arcadia 2001 (1982 – 1984)

ColecoVision (1982 – 1984)

Atari 5200 SuperSystem (1982 – 1984)

Iomega Bernoulli disk 8-inch (1982 – 1987)

3-inch Compact Floppy disk (1982 – early 1990s)

3.5-inch microfloppy disk (DS /DD) (1982 – 1990s)

Commodore 64 (1982 – 1994)

Sinclair ZX Spectrum (1983)

Apple FileWare / Twiggy disk (1983 – 1984)

GCE / Milton Bradley Vectrex (1983 – 1984)

3.25-inch floppy disk (1983 – mid 1980s)

Mattel Aquarius (1983 – mid 1980s)

Coleco Adam High Speed Digital Data Pack (1983 – 1985)

Acorn Electron (1983 – 1985)

Sega SG-1000 / SC-3000 (1983 – 1985)

ZX Microdrive (1983 – 1987)

Casio ROM Pack (1983 – early 1990s)

MSX (1983 – 1995)

Nintendo Famicom (1983 – 2003)

3.5-inch hard disk drive (1983 – )

IBM PCjr (1984 – 1985)

Commodore 16 / Plus/4 (1984 – late 1980s)

Epoch Super Cassette Vision (1984 – late 1980s)

Wafadrive (1984 – late 1980s)

Hewlett-Packard LaserJet Font Cartridge (1984 – 1990)

Psion Organiser Datapak (1984 – 1992)

IBM 3480 (1984 – 2004)

Digital Linear Tape (DLT) (1984 – )

Bee Card (1985 – 1986)

Sega My Card (1985 – 1987)

Sega Master System (1985 – 1996)

5.25-inch magneto-optical disk (1985 – 2000s)

CD-ROM (1985 – )

LV-ROM (1986 – late 1980s)

2-inch floppy disk (Video Floppy) (1986 – 1990s)

2.8-inch DataDisk (1986 – early 199os)

Nintendo Famicom Disk System (1986 – early 1990s)

Nintendo Entertainment System (1986 -1995)

Sega Card (1987 – 1989)

Atari 7800 ProSystem (1987 – 1992)

NEC TurboGrafx-16 / PC Engine ‘HuCard’ (1987 – 1993)

Iomega Bernoulli disk 5.25-inch (1987 – 1994)

8mm / Data8 (1987 – late 1990s)

3.5-inch microfloppy disk (High Density) (1987 – late 2000s)

Streamer cassette (late 1980s – late 1990s)

SyQuest 5.25-inch (44/88/200MB) (1988 – 1998)

2.5-inch hard disk drive (1988 – )

Roland Music Style Card (1989 – 1991)

2-inch floppy disk (LT-1) (1989 – early 1990s)

Atari Lynx (1989 – mid 1990s)

Digital Data Storage (DDS) (1989 – 2007)

1990s

SD1 (1990s – 2000s)

Amstrad GX4000 (1990 – 1991)

Sega Mega Drive (1990 – 1998)

Nintendo Game Boy (1990 – 2003)

SNK Neo Geo AES (1990 – 2004)

SNK Neo Geo MVS (1990 – 2004)

PCMCIA / PC Card (1990 – mid 2000s)

Compact Disc-Recordable (CD-R) (1990 – )

Floptical (1991 – 1993)

3.5-inch microfloppy (Extended Density) (1991 – mid 1990s)

Sega Game Gear (1991 – 1997)

CD-i (Compact Disc Interactive) (1991 – 1998)

CD-i Ready (1991 – 1998)

Psion Series 3 Solid State Disk (1991 – 1999)

Super Nintendo Entertainment System (North American version) (1991 – 1999)

Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) full-size (1991 – 2000s)

3.5-inch magneto-optical disk (1991 – 2000s)

1.8-inch hard disk drive (1991 – 2014)

Ditto (1992 – 1999)

Super Nintendo Entertainment System (1992 – 1999)

Photo CD (1992 – 2004)

LD-ROM (1993 – 1996)

Atari Jaguar (1993 – 1996)

SyQuest 3.5-inch (105/270MB) (1993 – 1998)

Sega 32X (1994 – 1995)

MD Data (1994 – early 2000s)

Mammoth / Mammoth-2 (1994 – 2001)

Digital Tape Format (DTF) (1994 – 2004)

QIC-Wide (1994 – 2000s)

CompactFlash (Type I) (1994 – )

Nintendo Virtual Boy (1995 – 1996)

SyQuest EZ135 (1995 – 1996)

Casio Loopy (1995 – 1997)

Phase-change Dual (PD) disk (1995 – 1998)

Nomai MCD 540 (1995 – 1999)

Miniature Card (1995 – late 1990s)

Yamaha Music Cartridge (1995 – late 1990s)

SmartMedia (1995 – early 2000s)

Iomega Zip (1995 – 2003)

IBM Magstar 3590 (1995 – )

Travan (1995 – 2002)

Sony PlayStation Memory Card (1995 – 2006)

SyQuest EzFlyer (1996 – 1998)

Syquest SyJet (1996 – 1998)

IBM Magstar MP 3570 (1996 – 2002)

Iomega Jaz (1996 – 2002)

QIC-EXtra (QIC EX) (1996 – 2000s)

Advanced Intelligent Tape (AIT) (1996 – 2010)

Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) mini-size (1996 – )

SyQuest SparQ (1997 – 1998)

Nintendo 64 (1997 – 2003)

Nintendo 64 Controller Pak (1997 – 2003)

SuperDisk (1997 – early 2000s)

Compact Disc-ReWritable (CD-RW) (1997 – )

Mini CD-R / CD-RW (1990s – )

MultiMediaCard (1997 – 2005)

DVD-ROM (1997 – )

DVD-R (1997 – )

MiniDVD-R (1997 – )

SNK Neo Geo Pocket / Pocket Colour (1998 – 2001)

Caleb UHD144 / it drive (1998 – 2002)

Nintendo Game Boy dual-mode cartridge (1998 – 2003)

Nintendo Game Boy Color (1998 – 2003)

Castlewood Orb (1998 – 2004)

HiFD (High capacity Floppy Disk) (1998 – early 2000s)

StorageTek 9840 (1998 – 2009)

Interactive DVD (1998 – )

DVD-RAM (1998 – )

Business card CD-ROM (1998 – )

Memory Stick (1998 – mid 2000s)

Nintendo 64DD (Dynamic Drive) (1999 – 2000)

Sega Visual Memory Unit (VMU) (1999 – 2001)

Handspring Springboard expansion module (1999 – 2002)

Advanced Digital Recording (ADR) (1999 – 2003)

Bandai WonderSwan (1999 – 2003)

Iomega Clik! / PocketZip (1999 – early 2000s)

Microdrive (1999 – early 2010s)

VXA (1999 – late 2000s)

Secure Digital (SD) (1999 – )

GD-ROM (1999 – )

DVD-RW (1999 – )

2000s

Sony Memory Stick / Floppy Disk Adaptor (2000 – 2001)

Sony PlayStation 2 Memory Card (2000 – 2013)

Linear Tape-Open (LTO) (2000 – )

USB flash drive (2000 – )

Iomega Zip 250 (2001 – 2003)

Iomega Zip U250 (2001 – 2003)

Nintendo Game Boy Advance (2001 – 2007)

CD Cardz (2001 – 2009)

DVD+RW (2001 – )

Super DLT (2001 – )

Pokémon mini (2002)

Iomega Zip 750 (2002 – 2003)

DataPlay (2002 – mid 2000s)

Nintendo GameCube memory card (2002 – 2007)

Nintendo GameCube (2002 – 2007)

xD-Picture Card (2002 – 2010)

DVD+R (2002 – )

Memory Stick Duo (2002 – )

Nokia N-Gage card (2003 – 2006)

miniSD (2003 – 2008)

Super Advanced Intelligent Tape (SAIT) (2003 – 2010)

Ultra Density Optical (UDO) (2003 – )

Tapwave Zodiac (2004 – 2005)

RS-MMC (Reduced Size MultiMedia Card) / MMCmobile (2004 – 2006)

Nintendo Game Boy Advance Video (2004 – 2007)

Sony Professional Disc for DATA (2004 – 2007)

Iomega Rev (2004 – 2010)

Hi-MD (2004 – 2011)

LightScribe (2004 – 2013)

UMD (Universal Media Disc) (2004 – 2014)

Gizmondo card (2005 – 2006)

Xbox 360 Memory Unit (2005 – 2010)

microSD (2005 – )

Nintendo DS / DS Lite / DSi (2005 – 2014)

Memory Stick Micro (M2) (2006 – 2009)

Nintendo Wii Optical Disc (2006 – 2013)

Secure Digital High Capacity (SDHC) (2006 – )

StorageTek T10000 / T10000 T2 (2006 – )

Quantum GoVault (2006 – )

Blu-ray Disc Recordable (BD-R) (2006 – )

Blu-ray Recordable Erasable (BD-RE) (2006 – )

HD-DVD-R (2007 – 2008)

DAT 160 / 320 (2007 – )

CD-ROM postage stamps (2008 – 2009)

2010s

Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) micro-size (2010 – )

Nintendo 3DS (2011 – )

Nintendo Wii U Optical Disc (2012 – 2017)

Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) nano-size (2012 – )

Sony PlayStation Vita memory card (2012 – )