Phonograph Discs and Cylinders

Cylinder types (packaging)Formats for sound recording or playback that use the vibration of a stylus or needle following a spiral groove on a revolving disc or cylinder.

Dates are approximate and refer to availability in the UK or Europe where known, otherwise for US or elsewhere.

1880s

Graphophone / Dictaphone cylinder (1887 – early 1950s)

Brown wax cylinder (late-1880s to 1906)

Ediphone (1888 – early 1950s)

1890s

Pathé cylinder (1894 – 1914)

Multiple groove phonograph record (1898 – )

1900s

10-inch 78 rpm record (1901 – 1960)

Gold-Moulded Records (1902 – 1912)

12-inch 78 rpm record (1903 – mid 1950s)

Gramophone postcard (1903 – 1970s)

Sterling Record (1904 – 1908)

Pathé vertical-cut disc record (1905 – 1932)

Indestructible Record (1907 – 1922)

Amberol Records (1908 – 1912)

Record album (late 1900s – 1950s)

1910s

Edison Disc Record / Diamond Disc (1912 – 1929)

Blue Amberol Records (1912 – 1929)

1920s

The Bell records (1921 – 1926)

Little Marvel (1921 – 1928)

Kiddyphone record (1920s)

Pygmy Gramophone (1923 – 1925)

Picture discs (1920s – )

8-inch 78rpm record (late 1920s – mid 1930s)

Acetate / lacquer disc (late 1920s – )

Electrical Transcription Disc (late 1920s – 1980s)

Victory records (1928 – 1931)

Broadcast Twelve (1928 – 1934)

1930s

Filmophone Flexible Record (1930 – 1932)

Kid Kord (1930s)

Durium record (1932 – 1933)

Crown records (1935 – 1937)

1940s

Voice-O-Graph (1940 – 1960s)

Cardboard record (1940s – 1980s)

SoundScriber (1942 – 1960s)

V-Disc (1943 – 1949)

Audograph (1946 – 1976)

Voicewriter (late 1940s – 1960s)

10-inch LP (1948 – 1980s)

12-inch LP (1948 – )

White label vinyl record (1948 – )

Coloured vinyl record (1949 – )

7-inch single (1949 – )

1950s

Flexi-disk (1950s – )

16⅔ rpm LP (Long Play) 12 inch record (early 1950 – early 1970s)

7-inch EP (1952 – )

Seeburg Background Music Library (1954 – 1960s)

Highway Hi-Fi (1956 – 1959)

Stereophonic LP (Long Play) 12 inch record (1957 – )

Seeburg Background Music System (1959 – 1986)

1960s

Gala Goldentone (1960 – 1964)

Little LP (1961 – 1975)

Hip Pocket Record (1967 – 1969)

1970s

8⅓ rpm flexi-discs (early 1970s – 2001)

SQ Quadraphonic (1971 – 1979)

Quadraphonic Sound (QS) (1972 – 1978)

CD-4 (Compatible Discrete 4) / Quadradisc (1972 – 1979)

10-inch single (1970s – )

12-inch single (1973 – )

Luminous vinyl record (1978 – )

dbx disc (1979 – 1982)

1980s

Laser-etched vinyl (1980 – )

5-inch picture disc single (1980s)

Shaped 7-inch single (1980s -)

1990s

9-inch single (1990 – 2007)

2000s

Timecode vinyl (2001 – )

VinylDisc (2007 – )