Compact Disc Rainbow Books

Red Book (published 1980)

Compact Disc (1983 -)

CD single (1985 -)

CD+G (CD+Graphics) (1986 – )

Mini CD single (1988 – early 1990s)

Minimax Compact Disc (1990s – )

Holographic Compact Disc (1991 – 1996)

CD-i Ready (1991 – 1998)
A hybrid audio/data disc, with Green Book data in the pre-gap before track 1.

Enhanced CD (1994 – )
Only the audio portion of the disk conforms to Red Book standards. See also Blue Book.

High Definition Compatible Digital (HDCD) (1995 – )

XRCD (1995 – )

DualDisc (2005 – 2009)
Whilst having a Compact Disc Digital Audio layer, the DualDisc did not conform fully to Red Book standards

Super High Material CD (2007 – )

VinylDisc (2007 – )

Blu-spec CD (2008 – )

UHQCD (Ultimate High Quality Compact Disc) (2015 – )

Green Book (published 1986)

CD-BGM (1989 – late 2000s)

CD-i (Compact Disc Interactive) (1991 – 1998)

CD-i Ready (1991 – 1998)
A hybrid audio/data disc, with Green Book data in the pre-gap before track 1.

CD-i Digital Video (1993 – 1994)

Yellow Book (published 1988)

CD-ROM (1985 – )

Enhanced CD (1994 – )
Only the multimedia portion of the disk conforms to Yellow Book CD-ROM standards. See also Blue Book.

MovieCD (1997 – late 1990s)

Business card CD-ROM (1998 – )

Orange Book (published 1990)

Compact Disc-Recordable (CD-R) (1992 – )

Compact Disc Digital Audio Recordable (CD-R Audio) (1997 – 2010s)

Compact Disc-ReWritable (CD-RW) (1997 – )

Fujifilm PhotoDisc CD-R (2004 – )

Beige Book (published 1992)

Photo CD (1992 – 2004)

White Book (published 1993)

Video CD (1993 – 2000s)

Blue Book (published 1995)

Enhanced CD (1994 – )
Prior to 1997, most enhanced CDs were ‘mixed-mode’ and did not conform to Blue Book standards, which is also known as CD Plus / CD EXTRA.

Scarlet Book (published 1999)

Super Audio CD (SACD) (1999 – )

Non-Rainbow Book Compact Disc formats

CD Video (1987 – 1992)
The audio tracks on a CD-Video conform to Red Book standards, but the video content is LaserDisc analogue video.

Video Single Disc (1990 – 1991)
Contains only LaserDisc analogue video content.

GD-ROM (1999 – )

Copy-protected Compact Disc (2000 – 2006)
This did not fully conform to Red Book standards and was not allowed to display the Compact Disc Digital Audio logo