Audio Formats

Dates are approximate and refer to availability in the UK or Europe where known, otherwise for US.

Piano roll (1883 – 2008)

Brown wax cylinder (late-1880s to 1906)

Gramophone Record (1889 -)

Wire recording (1898 – 1960s)

Gold-Moulded Records (1902 – 1912)

Gramophone postcard (1903 – 1970s)

Edison Disc Record / Diamond Disc (1912 – 1929)

Blue Amberol Records (1912 – 1929)

Electrical Transcription Disc (late 1920s – 1980s)

Open reel tape (1930s – 1980s)

Cardboard record (1940s – 1980s)

SoundScriber (1945 – 1960s)

Dictabelt (1947 – 1980)

Coloured vinyl record (1949 – )

Tefifon (1950 – 1960s)

Highway Hi-Fi (1956 – 1959)

RCA Sound Tape Cartridge (1958-1964)

Seeburg Background Music System (1959 – 1986)

Fidelipac (1959 – late 1990s)

Magnabelt (1961 – 1972)

Orrtronics Cousino Echo-matic II (1962 – 1963)

4-track (Stereo-Pak) (1962 – 1970)

Compact Cassette (1963 – 2000s)

Grundig EN3 (1964 – 1970s)

8-Track (Stereo 8) (1964 – 1988)

Music cassette (Musicassette) (1965 – 2003)

PlayTape (1966 – 1970)

Hip Pocket Record / Pocket Disc (1967 – 1969)

Mini-Cassette (1967 -)

Quadraphonic open reel tape (Q4) (1969 – mid 1970s)

Endless loop Compact Cassette (1969 – 1990s)

Microcassette (1969 -)

Picture disc vinyl record (1970 – )

Quadraphonic 8-Track (Q8) (1970 – 1978)

Compact Cassette Type II (Chrome / High Bias) (1970 – 2000s)

Steno-Cassette (1971 – )

Quadraphonic Sound (QS) (1972 – 1978)

CD-4 (Compatible Discrete 4) / Quadradisc (1972 – 1979)

Audiopak (1972 – 1990s)

Compact Cassette Type III (Ferro-chrome) (mid 1970s – early 1980s)

Elcaset (1976 – 1980)

Compact Cassette Type IV (Metal) (late 1970s – late 1990s)

Cassette single (Cassingle) (1980 – early 2000s)

Shaped vinyl record (1980s – )

1+1 music cassette (early 1980s)

Compact Disc (1983 -)

CD single (1985 – )

Picocassette (Dictasette) (1985 -)

Scotchcart / Scotchcart II (mid 1980s – late 1990s)

CD+G (CD+Graphics) (1986 – )

Digital Audio Tape (DAT)  (1987 – 2005)

Mini CD single (1988 – early 1990s)

Compact Disc Digital Audio Recordable (CD-R Audio) (1990 -)

NT (1992 – late 1990s)

Digital Compact Cassette (1992 – 1996)

MiniDisc (1992 – 2013)

Super Audio CD (SACD) (1999 – )

DVD-Audio (2000 -)

DataPlay (2002 – mid 2000s)

Hi-MD (2004 – 2011)

DualDisc (2005 – 2009)

USB flash drive (2006 – )

microSD card (2007 – )

slotMusic (2008 – 2012)